Designed by Sir Reginald Samuel in 1966. The seven point Golden Sun symbolises the dawn of a new era. Red: symbolises lifeblood of slave forefathers and dynamism of the people. Blue: symbolises hope. Black: symbolises the soil and African heritage. Gold, Blue and White: Antigua and Barbuda’s tourist attraction – sun, sea and sand. “V”: Victory at last!
The flag was adopted on February 27, 1967.
Coat of Arms & Motto
“EACH ENDEAVOURING, ALL ACHIEVING” was composed by Mr. James H. Carrot M.B.E.
The PINEAPPLE surmounting the arms represents the famous Antigua Black Pineapple.
The red HIBISCUS flowers are symbolic of the many varieties that bloom in the Nation.
The golden SUN and the wavy blue and white BANDS symbolise the Sea, Sun and Beaches.
The central SUGAR MILL TOWER and the stem of SUGAR CANE echo the historic production of sugar, once the main industry.
The Century Plant or DAGGER POLE, with its stem and showy golden yellow flowers, was a part of the historic emblem of Antigua and the Leeward Islands.
The two rampant DEER depict the only large animal within the Eastern Caribbean and that is unique to Antigua and Barbuda.
The SCROLL bears the Motto of the Nation.
Originally Designed by: Mr. Gordon Christopher
Modified by: Mr. Don Cribbs
esigned by Heagggggggggggg
Worn by market vendors and cake makers in Antigua and Barbuda, circa 1834. “National Day” is when many Antiguans proudly wear their national clothing, serve or eat local food and drinks, and attend national prayer services.
Designed by Heather Doram. Photo by Timothy Payne.
The Dagger Log’s (Agave karatto Miller) yellow flowers rises from the large rosette formed by the Agave plant. Years ago, fishing rafts were made from the flower’s log (or stem) and fishing bait was made from the white interior pulp of the leaves.
Thought to be brought to our nation by the Codringtons in the early 1700s, the European Fallow (Dama dama dama) deer live and breed happily on Barbuda and Guiana island. They do not live on any other Eastern Caribbean island. There are two varieties, black and common.
Originally introduced by the Arawakan speaking people, the Antiguan Black Pineapple (Ananas comosus) was used for making twine, cloth and for healing purposes. Today it is mainly grown on the south side of Antigua.
The Whitewood (Bucida buceras/font L), a wide-spreading ornamental shade tree with nearly horizontal branches, is part of the Combretun family and related to the mangroves and almond trees. Its timber is heavy and hard and was once used for making gun carriages. Because of its “black heart,” the tree was once known as “Black Gregory.”
The Frigate (Fregata magnificens L) is also known as Man-o’-War or Weather bird. Relatives of the pelicans, the male is glossy black. To attract females, he blows up his scarlet throat. The females have white breasts. Frigates weigh about three pounds, have a wing span of eight (8) feet, a deeply forked tail and fly about 22 miles per hour (mph).
National Sea Creature
As distinguished by its narrow pointed beak and often jagged edge on both sides of the shell, the Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) was originally perceived as a gift from Caribs, Arawaks and archaic gods. Once actively hunted for its highly valued “tortoise shell,” the Hawksbill is now on the endangered species list.
Wood becomes petrified (fossilised) when buried for extended periods of time in mud containing volcanic ash. Antigua’s petrified wood, belongs to the Oligocene period of geological time. Petrified wood fragments may still be found scattered throughout central Antigua.
The first inhabitants of Antigua and Barbuda, The Amerindians, are credited with concocting the first Pepperpot – made up then of agouti, fish heads and bones, seashells, birds and vegetables. The modern version, through not as colourful, but still rather tasty and delicious includes mostly blended vegetables such as – squash, spinach, egg plant, pumpkin – salted meats, and seasonings. It is served with Fungee, which is whipped into a ball from boiled cornmeal and ochroes.
National Historical Mill
The Sugar Mill tower can be seen dotted all around Antigua and Barbuda -remnants of the days of the sugar plantations. The Museum of Antigua and Barbuda’s inventory puts the number still standing at 114. Sugar cane was ground inside these mills when “sugar was king”. A sugar mill at the Betty’s Hope plantation has been restored to give a representation of how they functioned back in the day.
The Widdy Widdy (Corchorus siliquosus L) belongs to the Tiliaceae family. This bush was used by sugar workers to supplement their food supply when they went on strike for better wages and working conditions in 1951. With a little cooking the bush rapidly softens and becomes sticky. The flavour is said to be good and the protein content excellent.